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Iris, cultivation and care: how to grow iris at home or in the garden. Meaning in the language of flowers, description of the flower and the plant. Colors and varieties of iris.
Therecultivation of irisit spread quickly for bothpropertyof the plant, both for the beauty of the flower. The rhizome (the fleshy root of the flower) is known for its emollient, diuretic and expectorant properties, while the aerial part, the flower, is appreciated for its scent.
It has been since 1800 that theirisit is used as a plant to decorate gardens and since the early years of the twentieth century, in Germany, botanists have managed to obtain numerous hybrids with the most disparate shades and colors.
In the language of flowers, theirishas ameaningwell defined: it is a flower that brings good news and is a symbol of good wishes and fidelity. Also in this case, the color of a flower can be decisive in defining its meaning. A yellow iris indicates a great love passion while a white iris represents a pure and kind wish. The classic blue iris refers to faith and hope. The purple iris is a symbol of wisdom and knowledge. The purple iris is an excellent flower to give as a gift in the event of a degree or diploma!
Iris, flower and plant description
Theiristhey are recognized for the particular structure of the flower, composed of three generally falling tepals and three real petals. The iris retains an almost always erect posture. It is not easy to talk about the colors of the flowers, there are more than 200 species of iris and a large number of hybrids.
Among the species of iris there are rhizomatous and bulbous ones.
Rhizomatous irises are best suited to grow in cool, humid areas.
Bulbous irises are more resistant to winter frost.
There are varieties and fragrant species. Those looking for a fragrant iris can chooseiris barbata with an intense aroma; less intense but still pleasant is the smell of pale iris.
When to grow iris: the best time
Bulbous irises are planted in October while rhizomatous ones are planted between July and September. Both bulbous and rhizomatous can be multiplied (by division of the bulbs and rhizomes) and rearranged in the middle of summer.
Iris, cultivation and multiplication
The best time for the multiplication of iris falls in summer. In this period, rhizomes and bulbs can be multiplied by the rhizome division method.
How to multiply the iris?
Just extract the bulbs or rhizomes from the ground (help yourself with a small fork).
Clean the rhizomes from the earth very gently, so as not to break the roots.
With a sharp and sterilized knife, cut the rhizome into portions 10 cm long each, making sure that there is a sprout on each portion.
Plant each piece in a slightly inclined position in the ground. The inclined position of the rhizome portion will allow you to leave the green tip (the bud) flowers from the ground. Bury and water abundantly with rain.
Iris in pots, home cultivation
For thecultivation of iris in potschoose a bulbous species. Bulbous irises are best suited for growing indoors. Just put the bulbs in a fairly large pot and placed at a depth of 8 - 10 cm. The best time to start a cultivation, as for all bulbous plants, falls in spring or in the second half of October.
Don't worry about the winter temperature, even if you grow iris on the balcony. Generally, iris bulbs are resistant to cold but only if they have a friable, porous and well-drained soil.
During the winter, place the pots in an undisturbed position (even on the terrace) or, before Christmas, bring the pots indoors and place them in a bright position. The heat of the home will make theirisearly.
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